American Association Of People With Disabilities


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Us Airways Inc V Barnett

Ted Kennedy, Jr. on his disability & family legacy

Decided by the US Supreme Court in 2002, this case held that even requests for accommodation that might seem reasonable on their face, e.g., a transfer to a different position, can be rendered unreasonable because it would require a violation of the company’s seniority system. While the court held that, in general, a violation of a seniority system renders an otherwise reasonable accommodation unreasonable, a plaintiff can present evidence that, despite the seniority system, the accommodation is reasonable in the specific case at hand, e.g., the plaintiff could offer evidence that the seniority system is so often disregarded that another exception wouldn’t make a difference.

Importantly, the court held that the defendant need not provide proof that this particular application of the seniority system should prevail, and that, once the defendant showed that the accommodation violated the seniority system, it fell to Barnett to show it was nevertheless reasonable.

In this case, Barnett was a US Airways employee who injured his back, rendering him physically unable to perform his cargo-handling job. Invoking seniority, he transferred to a less-demanding mailroom job, but this position later became open to seniority-based bidding and was bid on by more senior employees. Barnett requested the accommodation of being allowed to stay on in the less-demanding mailroom job. US Airways denied his request, and he lost his job.

United States Supreme Court Nominations Web Archive

  • Web Archive Americans For Democratic Action Americans for Democratic Action is the nation’s oldest liberal lobbying group, founded in 1947 by such liberal stalwarts as Eleanor Roosevelt, Hubert Humphrey and John Kenneth Galbraith. ADA is dedicated to social and economic justice. Website. electronic | Electronic .
  • Contributor: Americans for Democratic Action
  • Date:2002-08-03
  • Web Archive American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations The American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations is the voluntary federation of America’s unions, representing more than 13 million working women and men nationwide. Website. electronic | Electronic .
  • Contributor: Afl-Cio
  • Date:2002-07-01
  • Web Archive Guttmacher Institute The Guttmacher Institute is a nonprofit organization focused on sexual and reproductive health research, policy analysis and public education. Website. electronic | Electronic .
  • Contributor: Alan Guttmacher Institute
  • Date:2002-08-08
  • Web Archive Accuracy In Media Accuracy in Media ia a non-profit, grass-roots citizens watchdog of the media promoting fairness, balance and accuracy in the news by critiquing news stories, clearing up slanted news coverage and exposing liberal media bias. Website. electronic | Electronic .
  • Contributor: Accuracy in Media, Inc
  • Date:2002-08-07
  • Contributor: Americans United for Separation of Church and State
  • Date:2002-08-03
  • Contributor: Judge David L. Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law
  • Date:2001-10-25
  • Paralyzed Veterans Of America V Ellerbe Becket Architects And Engineers

    One of the first major ADA lawsuits, Paralyzed Veterans of America v. Ellerbe Becket Architects and Engineers was focused on the wheelchair accessibility of a stadium project that was still in the design phase, MCI Center in Washington, D.C. Previous to this case, which was filed only five years after the ADA was passed, the DOJ was unable or unwilling to provide clarification on the distribution requirements for accessible wheelchair locations in large assembly spaces. While Section 4.33.3 of ADAAG makes reference to lines of sight, no specific reference is made to seeing over standing patrons. The MCI Center, designed by Ellerbe Becket Architects & Engineers, was designed with too few wheelchair and companion seats, and the ones that were included did not provide sight lines that would enable the wheelchair user to view the playing area while the spectators in front of them were standing. This case and another related case established precedent on seat distribution and sight lines issues for ADA enforcement that continues to present day.

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    Program Requirements And Policies

    • Interns selected to participate in the AAPD Summer Internship program will be placed in paid internships with Congressional offices, federal agencies, nonprofits, or for-profit organizations to work full-time four days a week.
    • Interns will receive a summer schedule of AAPD-sponsored activities and must attend all mandatory events, including the Disability Advocacy Certificate Program on Fridays.
    • Interns must communicate reliably and utilize the various technology platforms once accepting their AAPD internship, leading up to their internship, and throughout the summer.
    • While AAPD has the final discretion of all placement sites, the internship placement process is collaborative where each intern may be asked to submit additional application materials and interview with a possible placement.
    • An orientation will be held at the beginning of the program. All interns are required to attend.
    • All interns must adhere to the Code of Conduct and if in-person, roommate and housing agreements.
    • Interns will receive a summer schedule of AAPD-sponsored activities and must attend all mandatory events, including the Disability Advocacy Certificate Program.
    • Interns will receive a living stipend disbursed in three installments over the summer.
    • If in-person, interns will live in a dorm-style housing and will most likely share a room with another intern from the program .

    Legal Resources For Individuals With Disabilities And Their Families

    Monday Shoutout: American Association of People with Disabilities ...

    American Disability Association is a legal service in California that provides accessible and comprehensive legal services that address the unique challenges of individuals and families dealing with special needs and cognitive disabilities.

    When the well-being of you, your children and your family are at stake, you need to protect your vulnerabilities and your future. Our organization offers valuable, dependable legal guidance to help ensure you receive the best possible outcome amid these difficult times.

    Through our work at ADA, we provide legal help to all who are living with a disability or who are raising children with a disability such as autism, Down syndrome, or cerebral palsy.

    As a 501 non-profit, we offer our support because we truly believe that legal assistance for individuals with cognitive disabilities and their families should be available to all.


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    Campbell V General Dynamics Government Systems Corp

    Campbell v. General Dynamics Government Systems Corp. concerned the enforceability of a mandatory arbitration agreement, contained in a dispute resolution policy linked to an e-mailed company-wide announcement, insofar as it applies to employment discrimination claims brought under the Americans with Disabilities Act.

    Who Will Control Congress Heres When Well Know

    Much remains uncertain.For the second Election Day in a row, election night ended without a clear winner. Nate Cohn, The Timess chief political analyst, takes a look at the state of the races for the House and Senate, and when we might know the outcome:

    The House.Republicans are likelier than not to win the House, but it is no certainty. There are still several key races that remain uncalled, and in many of these contests, late mail ballots have the potential to help Democrats. It will take days to count them.

    The Senate.The fight for the Senate will come down to three states: Nevada, Georgia and Arizona. Outstanding ballots in Nevada and Arizona could take days to count, but control of the chamber may ultimately hinge on Georgia, which is headed for a Dec. 6 runoff.

    How we got here.The political conditions seemed ripe for Republicans to make big midterm pickups, but voters had other ideas. Read our five takeaways and analysis of why the red wave didnt materialize for the G.O.P.

    The right to vote privately and independently was enshrined 20 years ago by Congress in the Help America Vote Act, which was the first law to require polling places to have accessible voting systems. The law also established the federal Election Assistance Commission, an independent body that sets guidelines for states and counties to accommodate disabled voters, which can be enforced by the Justice Department.

    This election is too important to wait to find out if my vote counted, she said.

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    Michigan Paralyzed Veterans Of America V The University Of Michigan

    This was a case filed before The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan Southern Division on behalf of the Michigan Paralyzed Veterans of America against University of Michigan Michigan Stadium claiming that Michigan Stadium violated the Americans with Disabilities Act in its $226-million renovation by failing to add enough seats for disabled fans or accommodate the needs for disabled restrooms, concessions and parking. Additionally, the distribution of the accessible seating was at issue, with nearly all the seats being provided in the end-zone areas. The U.S. Department of Justice assisted in the suit filed by attorney Richard Bernstein of The Law Offices of Sam Bernstein in Farmington Hills, Michigan, which was settled in March 2008. The settlement required the stadium to add 329 wheelchair seats throughout the stadium by 2010, and an additional 135 accessible seats in clubhouses to go along with the existing 88 wheelchair seats. This case was significant because it set a precedent for the uniform distribution of accessible seating and gave the DOJ the opportunity to clarify previously unclear rules. The agreement now is a blueprint for all stadiums and other public facilities regarding accessibility.

    About The Aapd Summer Internship Program

    Voter Suppression and Accessibility – AAPD Panel

    AAPD is a national cross-disability civil rights organization that works to increase the political and economic power of people with disabilities. In 2002, AAPD launched the Summer Internship Program to develop the next generation of leaders with disabilities. For 20 years, we have placed college students, graduate students, law students, and recent graduates with all types of disabilities in paid summer internships with Congressional offices, federal agencies, nonprofit and for-profit organizations within the Washington, DC area. The AAPD Summer Internship Program advances participants career opportunities, deepens their leadership skills, and meaningfully connects them to the broader disability community.

    During the summer, each intern is matched with a mentor who provides them with career guidance. AAPD provides interns with a living stipend, a technology and internet stipend for remote interns, transportation to and from Washington, DC, and fully accessible housing. Due to minimizing barriers to participation, we are able to recruit a diverse cohort of interns. As a result, we connect our host employers to talented emerging leaders with disabilities.

    Applications for the 2023 Summer Internship program are now closed.

    Please check back in September of 2023 for the Summer 2024 application.

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    Aapd Statement On The Passing Of Lois Curtis Lead Plaintiff Of Landmark Olmstead Decision

    For Immediate Release: 11/6/2022


    WASHINGTON, DC The American Association of People with Disabilities mourns the loss of Lois Curtis, a civil rights icon and a champion for justice. Lois was the lead plaintiff in the 1999 U.S. Supreme Court landmark decision, Olmstead v. L.C., a decision that changed the lives of millions of Americans and spurred major shifts in our health care, behavioral health, employment, and education systems. Lois Curtis was a powerful advocate with intellectual disabilities, and due in part to her advocacy, people with disabilities have enforceable legal rights to the supports they need to live, work, and learn in their communities.

    Lois Curtis proudly displays portraits that she drew. Photo Credit: Robin Rayne

    Lois was institutionalized at the Georgia Regional Hospital beginning at age 11. By age 19, she knew she no longer wanted to live in an institution or take unwanted medications that drained her energy and kept her sedated. She began calling the Atlanta Legal Aid Society to seek their assistance to be released. It took years of legal fights by Lois Curtis, Elaine Wilson, and their supporters, but eventually they prevailed when the Supreme Court held in Olmstead that unjustified segregation of people with disabilities is a form of unlawful discrimination under the Americans with Disabilities Act . In a decision penned by Justice Ginsburgh, the Supreme Court ruled that:

    Lois wrote in 2010,

    Policy Portal: Directory Of Consumer Organizations

    The Policy Portal is a directory of consumer-oriented organizations NIDILRR grantees can use to promote their research findings and connect with organizations included in the directory. The Center has worked with the Association of University Centers on Disabilities , the National Council on Independent Living and The Arc on the continuous development of the directory.

    To be listed below, an organization has met criteria that include it being

    • national in scope
    • engaged in policy discussions with other disability-oriented organizations and/or policymakers about legislation to improve the lives of people with disabilities, and
    • free of commercial interests.

    These organizations are therefore well-positioned to apply research findings in their efforts to improve policies that affect the lives of people with disabilities and their families.

    Each year, the Center on KTDRR reaches out to the organizations requesting information on their policy priorities. If an organization indicates interest, KTDRR then seeks to identify recent NIDILRR-funded publications that address those informational needs. Then KTDRR shares summaries of the research with the organizations and connects the authors with the organizations contact to help foster communication between the NIDILRR researchers and that member of the disability policy community.

    NIDILRR grantees and any users may use the Search Function below to narrow the list of organizations by NIDILRR Outcome Domain or Disability Type.

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    Voting Machines Are Not Covered By Department Of Justice Regulations Interpreting Title Ii Of The Ada

    The court in AAPD v. Harris indicates that the ability to vote privately, without third party assistance, is not supported by Title II of the ADA, or by the accompanying DOJ regulations. Although the court does recognize the right to vote as protected by Title II of the ADA, it indicates that third party assistance is an adequate form of accessibility, despite the limitations on independence and privacy.

    History Of The Americans With Disabilities Act

    American Association of People with Disabilities (AAPD)

    This exhibit celebrates just some of the many groups and people who made the ADA possible, explores how and why it was passed, and concludes by looking at some of the major challenges were facing now. The ADA changed America, but there is a lot of work left to be done.

    The American Association of People with Disabilities is a convener, connector, and catalyst for change, increasing the political and economic power of people with disabilities.

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    Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2019

    In October 2019, the Supreme Court declined to resolve a circuit split as to whether websites are covered by the ADA. The Court turned down an appeal from Domino’s Pizza and let stand a U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals ruling which held that the Americans With Disabilities Act protects access not just to brick-and-mortar public accommodations, but also to the websites and apps of those businesses.

    Paul G Hearne Emerging Leader Awards

    Named for disability rights activist Paul G. Hearne, this award recognizes emerging leaders with disabilities. Recipients receive funding to further a new or existing project or initiative that increases opportunities for people with disabilities. Past recipients include Claudia L Gordon, Lauren Ridloff, Jerry White, Cheri Blauwet, Victor Pineda, Maureen McKinnon-Tucker, Anjali Forber-Pratt, Jason DaSilva, Alice Wong and Lydia X. Z. Brown.

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    Ada Amendments Act 2008

    The ADA defines a covered disability as a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, a history of having such an impairment, or being regarded as having such an impairment. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission was charged with interpreting the 1990 law with regard to discrimination in employment. The EEOC developed regulations limiting an individual’s impairment to one that “severely or significantly restricts” a major life activity. The ADAAA directed the EEOC to amend its regulations and replace “severely or significantly” with “substantially limits”, a more lenient standard.

    American Association Of People With Disabilities

    COVID-19 & Disability | Prioritizing Equity

    The American Association of People with Disabilities is a 501 non-profit organization which advocates for the legal rights of people with disabilities. One of the primary purposes of the AAPD is to further the implementation of the provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act. As a national cross-disability rights organization, AAPD advocates for full civil rights for the 50+ million Americans with disabilities by promoting equal opportunity, economic power, independent living, and political participation.

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    About The 2022 Summer Internship Program

    For Summer 2022, AAPD hosted its first hybrid program, with some interns joining in-person in Washington, DC and others virtually from across the country. The internship program is a 10-week professional and career development opportunity for interns with disabilities to access meaningful employment, gain leadership skills, and connect to the broader disability community. AAPD places college students, graduate students, law students, and recent graduates with all types of disabilities in paid summer internships with Congressional offices, federal agencies, nonprofit and for-profit organizations. During the summer, each intern is matched with a mentor who provides them with career guidance. We recruit a diverse cohort of interns. As a result, we connect our host employers to talented emerging leaders with disabilities.

    At the beginning of summer, interns participate in a 1-week orientation session to acclimate to AAPD, meet their peers, and learn about the disability rights movement. Throughout the summer, interns are also required to participate in the Disability Advocacy Certificate Program. The Certificate Program empowers interns with knowledge and strategies to advocate for the disability community in their own communities, schools, and workplaces. Lastly, interns receive opportunities to attend events, community events, briefings, and more.

    Spector V Norwegian Cruise Line Ltd

    Spector v. Norwegian Cruise Line Ltd. was a case that was decided by the United States Supreme Court in 2005. The defendant argued that as a vessel flying the flag of a foreign nation it was exempt from the requirements of the ADA. This argument was accepted by a federal court in Florida and, subsequently, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals. However, the U.S. Supreme Court reversed the ruling of the lower courts on the basis that Norwegian Cruise Lines was a business headquartered in the United States whose clients were predominantly Americans and, more importantly, operated out of port facilities throughout the United States.

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